The fate of students, educators, and education has not changed in half a century of Indian Independence. When it comes to education and human resource development, the apathy of the power-that-be, which includes a large portion of society, has not diminished. There are still more than four million unemployed educated youths in India.
India claims to be the third largest knowledge country in the world, but this is actually the lowest per-million population. In India, educational institutions reflect the social degradation caused by political might. Campuses that are overpopulated with politicians and self-seekers have seen aberrations become the norm.
Although a noble idea, the dedemocratization of higher education institutions has turned campuses into a slum. These institutions are run by groups that have little regard for academic excellence, honesty or intellectual probity. Unethical and politically-motivated decisions serve a few and are reflections of societal catharsis.
Geographic India, which was consolidated by the British into a polity, has been reorganized into conglomerations consisting of disjointed entities and facsimiles democratic degradation. There is no classic conservative desire for an orderly polity and a commensurate pursuit knowledge on campus. This section of society, regardless of which brand is ruling the country, deserves no respect. They don’t represent an essential service, and they are not considered a national necessity. Education policies are a state subject and suffer from many deformities.
It is a constitutional requirement, but the inability to raise funds and the vested administrative structure have resulted in the growth of fake universities, private businesses, and many makeshift educational centers as well as foreign campuses. Because it is not subject to VAT or other financial restrictions, it has proven to be a very profitable venture with little risk. There are more such institutions in India than colleges. This is a great opportunity to attract knowledge-seeking youth and those who want to move to greener pastures.
The University Grants Commission is a statutory body that formulates policies regarding higher education. It also structures the system, grants, and salary. It is well-known how autonomous the UGC is. It is now a post office. This means that it disburses petty grants. These grants are sanctioned by Central Government. The non-availability and constant complaint of funds is the norm. Administration should recognize that there are ways to reduce the size of the jumbo cabinet as well as expenditures on legislatures in order to feed and educate some villages. The teacher desires to be a ladder that students can climb and scale new heights.
ESMA is invoked by the Central and State governments to stop agitating voices. However, it does not take long to provide benefits for politicians and bureaucrats. It is important to please them in order to maintain a symbiotic equilibrium and to also oblige a few. It has not taken effective steps to stop the industrialization of education. The honorarium and doles in Parliament were quickly doubled, but the 6 percent GDP expenditure on education has been a constant dogma since the Kothari Commission recommendations over forty years ago.
Students from various educational institutions go on strike almost every year, demanding that excessive fees be withdrawn. Only about 13% of the annual university education expenditure is covered by tuition fees. This is a huge industry with the goal of making money. Even though they are intelligent, poor students cannot afford to attend colleges, universities, or other courses. These students may be forced to take on large amounts of debt by banks and financial institutions in order to attend such courses. Tuition fees make up about 15% of all annual expenses for higher education in the USA. Nehru stated that “If all goes well with universities it will be fine with the nation.” Rabindranath Tagore used to compare India’s educated classes to “A second floor in an old building that was built in, but the architect failed to add a staircase between them.”
The country is losing the teaching profession because teachers are unable to compete in society, lack muscle power, and behave differently. They don’t have the guts to be able to work with bureaucrats or institutions. You can be entertained by a teacher with a smile when you hear that they are the nation builders, the best in society and a noble occupation. Next thing you know, teachers will be called cancers in the societal marrow. They will get a salary for no work and crave power. The teacher was the conscience keeper and consultant of society until mid-century. You could recognize him by his worn-out clothes, pale skin, soft voice, and meek behaviour. He was the guru. He was the guru.